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Michigan Department of Community Health | MDCH
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Third Party Liability

What is Third Party?

Federal law and regulations require states to ensure Medicaid beneficiaries use all other resources available to them to pay for all or part of their medical care before turning to Medicaid. The State Medicaid program pays only after the third party has met its legal obligation to pay.

A third party is any individual, entity, or program that is, or may be, liable to pay for any medical assistance provided to a Medicaid beneficiary under the approved state Medicaid plan. Third parties may include:

  • Medicare 
  • Private health insurance 
  • Employment-related health insurance 
  • Medical support from absent parents 
  • Casualty coverage resulting from an accidental injury such as automobile or property insurance (including no-fault insurance) 
  • Court judgments or settlements from a liability insurer 
  • State workers' compensation 
  • First party probate-estate recoveries; and/or 
  • Other federal programs (e.g., Indian Health, Community Health, and Migrant Health programs), unless excluded by statute. 

Medicare Buy-In    Coordination of Benefits  
Estate Recovery    Medical Subrogation Process
Payer Roster and Subrogation    Birth Expense Reporting 




Related Links: 

Social Security Act 

Michigan Compiled Laws/Public Acts